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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  September 12, 2014 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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union bank. ♪ ♪ >> taste, listen, feel. discover the best memories of your life. >> and now, "bbc world news america." >> this is "bbc world news america." oscar pistorius is found guilty of culpable homicide. now, south africa and the world await his sentence. the u.s. secretary of state is in turkey, trying to rally support for the fight against the islamic state. i sat down with distinguished
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the clement henry kissinger to get his views. lasting markvelts on american history, and are the focus of a new documentary by ken burns. he gives us a preview. welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. after a trial that lasted months, south african athlete oscar pistorius was found guilty of culpable homicide, or manslaughter. the judge who cleared pistorius's murder charges yesterday said he acted negligently when he tired a gun to his bathroom door, killing his girlfriend reeva steenkamp. sentencing will take place next month. andrew harding has the details from pedroia -- praetoria.
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>> it is judgment time. a dramatic pause as oscar pistorius stands and waits. >> the unanimous decision of this court -- >> the judge get straight to the point. is the athlete a murderer? sectionunt one, with 511 of the criminal law, of 1997, the05 , anded is found not guilty instead is found guilty of culpable homicide. for once, a muted reaction. he had been warned yesterday to expect this lesser verdict, the equivalent of manslaughter. reeva steenkamp's family and friends try to contain their emotions. it has been a long ordeal. from the night the athlete shot reeva steenkamp, believing, as
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the judge now agrees, that an intruder had broken in, through pistorius's tearful evidence at his murder trial -- >> [loud weeping] >> to the anxious wait yesterday and today for a verdict. immediately afterwards, his uncle arnold thank the judge for reject in the charge of murder -- rejecting the charge of murder. >> we always knew the facts of the matter, and we had never any doubt in oscar's version. we as a family remain deeply affected by the devastating tragedy event. k,d it won't bring reeva bac but our hearts will go out for her family and friends. murder,it comes to
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oscar pistorius has been given the benefit of the doubt, and many here consider he has had a lucky escape. as for reeva steenkamp's friends and family, they still need to know whether her killer will spend any time in prison. today, pistorius left court a free man -- for now. the judge agreed to extend his bail, and rejected the state's play him that he might flee the country. the athlete will be back next month for sentencing. >> he could still get a prison term. i think this is a very serious case of culpable homicide because of the use of the firearm, and particularly that four shots were fired. the judge can impose any kind of sentence. it could even be a non-jail sentence. but i think she needs to send out a strong message to the public area -- the public. >> this story is back at his uncle's home. some in south africa have forgiven him. some have not. the possibility of a prison
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sentence still hangs in the air. bbc news, praetoria. iannoneoke with karin g outside the courthouse a short time ago. after this gripping and a magic trial, how mixed has the reaction been in south africa to the verdict? thehe whole opinion of trial throughout was a mixed picture. people had very strong feelings even before the trial began. people were expressing their views as to whether they thought oscar pistorius had been treated to lightly, whether they supported him, whether they had sympathy for him, and whether they were very much with the victim and victim's family. since the verdict, it has been another mixed victor. lots of debate on twitter. a lot of people coming in the streets, talking about, he just got off because he is rich, famous, and white.
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also, people who feel there has been a fair decision, who feel it has been a transparent process, broadcast throughout the world, showing south african justice to be very robust and clear. what sentence could oscar pistorius received today? what effect will it have on his paralympic career? >> at this point, we still don't know whether oscar pistorius will receive a custodial sentence. the judge does not have to imprison him. he could get away with a suspended sentence, a fine, even community service. but there is a maximum sentence of around 15 years. it really can be anything between that. oscar pistorius really won't know until that process of sentencing begins in just over a month's time. the arguments for and against a harsh punishment began in court.
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they might even be calling character witnesses to that, to try to back up either case, either side of that argument. oscar pistorius remains free for now. but whether or not he will be free from october 1, and whether he will be able to renew his athletic career, is a very big question at the moment. quick thank you so much for joining us. from around the world, the united states has imposed another round of sanctions against russia, targeting its biggest bank and five state-owned defense companies. the move is part of a joint effort with europe over russia's support of separatists in eastern ukraine. accused sergey lavrov the eu of disrupting peace efforts with sanctions. rob ford has pulled out of the toronto mayoral race six weeks before the election. ford has been in hospital since wednesday for an abdominal tumor. he said his brother doug will
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run in his place and said "we can't go backward." headlines last year for smoking crack cocaine, but refused to step down. than a week less before a vote on independence. leaders of the yes campaign visited seven cities in a day. meanwhile, the no campaign prepares for a rally tonight, led by a labor leader and former prime minister gordon brown. the latest polls showed the no campaign clawback a tiny lead. u.s. secretary of state john kerry said the u.s. and turkey stand together, but turkey's role in the fight against the islamic state is yet to be determined. mr. kerry has been in and cora turkey to, urging support more action against islamic militants in iraq and syria. can arab countries agreed to
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help, including egypt, saudi arabia, and cap are -- and qatar. secretary of state henry -- former secretary of state henry kissinger is the author of a new book," world order." president obama has said he wants to destroy the u.s. -- the islamic state and there will be air strikes in syria. can he achieve his goal? >> we should be careful in stating objectives related to what the american political process will support. in this case, we are dealing 20,000 fanatics that started as an offshoot of al qaeda. i think this is an objective that can be defined in that manner. i do not believe that that will east.peace to the middle it means that the challenges will change, and that is
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important for america to understand. been anave always advocate of realism in foreign policy rather than idealism. >> may i say a word about this? there is sort of a standard argument. i believe that you have to begin a foreign policy with a realistic assessment of the forces that are at work. they include, however, values and ideals. >> in that sense, you are a realist. be cooperating with president assad in syria, sworn enemy of a year ago, in order to combat the islamic state? >> i think we should set our disagreement with assad aside for the moment. not cooperate with him in any formal way.
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but then, were we to succeed in destroying isis, i think we would -- we could reconsider our views of our relationship with assad. or we could address the question of, which i think is even more , of what kind of structure should emerge there, because the notion that syria is a coherent state was sort of a 1920's, and so it would have to be reconstructed in some fashion. context we should look at the outset question again. >> he say the u.s. failed in iraq because it was trying to implement american values in part of the world where there was no historical roots. is the u.s. doomed to fail again as it tries to take on the
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islamic state in iraq and syria? >> we have to understand that it is not in our capability to bring about western-style societies inthese the process of a military conflict. and it is probably not sustainable in american domestic opinion to engage in such an enterprise. look at the chaos in iraq today, do you regret your support for the u.s.-led invasion? >> if i had known then what i know now, and if i had been as aware of the schism between the shia and the sunni, as i was not as most briefings assessed it was not relevant to the iraqi case -- so, had i known all of this, i would not
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recommend it today. >> henry kissinger, age 91, speaking to me in new york yesterday. pakistan's army announced yesterday they have arrested 10 people suspected of carrying out ,he 2012 attack on malala yusef a 12-year-old girl gunned down for being an outspoken advocate of female education. she continues to campaign for girls rights around the world. the bbc reports. >> this is the moment the story of malala yusef captured the eye of the world. blankt point that -- when -- shot at point blank while on the way home from school with her friends. seen here helping her brother with his schoolwork, she has always been a tireless campaigner for education. the pakistani army has announced
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the capture of 10 men they say were behind the shooting. at a press conference, they gave very little detail of the time or place of the arrest. but they showed pictures of a number of the alleged attackers. takenmy says all those belongs to a little-known group working under the orders of the current leader of the pakistani taliban. >> malala had become a symbol across the world. it was very important for pakistan to send across a message that we will eventually get down to the terrorists. we will hunt them from where they tried to hide. >> malala now lives in the u.k. with her family and has continued campaigning for girl'' education. she has gained international recognition for her work. for year, she was nominated a nobel peace prize. >> and one thing can change the
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world. >> this was malala on her 16th the u.n. addressing general assembly. >> education first. thank you. [applause] >> in a statement, malala's father said this was the first step in apprehending his daughter's attackers. it signified the beginning of hope for the hundreds of thousands of people whose lives have been affected by terrorism. bbc news, islam about. -- islamabad. >> silicom, he was a fixture in the politics of northern ireland for half a century. we look back on the life of ian paisley. a new kind of's ports card is zipping into the spotlight, and it is electric. inaugural race at the season
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in beijing. racing compete with the glamour of formula one? one of the world's most polluted cities, the last thing you need are any more cars. if the cars in beijing were electric, and did not emit any fumes? welcome to the brave new world of formula-e, the e meaning electric. one may look like formula cars, but underneath their bonnets, they are different beasts. powered by batteries, they are not as fast as their formula one cousins. >> it is just different. i do not think you can compare driving a formula one car. it is going to be on city streets, which is already more than normal road courses. really, really challenging. but we have some of the best
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teams and drivers in the world. it is going to be competitive. >> beijing is the first of five cities around the world hosting this event. >> you do not get the earsplitting noise of formula one. willizers hope this event catapult the image of the electric car. >> we want to make them sexy, cool. we want to change the perception. a lot of people see electric cars as warring, as not sexy. we want to change that. >> some of motorsport's biggest names are betting formula-e, but its success will be measured by how many fans show up. and it comes to glamour, electric cars may not top them all. bbc news, beijing.
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>> in paisley, a key political figure in northern ireland has died at the age of 88. a protestant preacher and firm believer in northern ireland's place in the united kingdom, he was an opponent to power-sharing with catholics. lead a, he agreed to government including his former foes. an important political moment. he was the voice of hard-line unionism in northern ireland. >> we say never, never, never ever! >> dr. no, the sworn enemy of irish republicans, and a man who refused to compromise his principles. one of thee marked most remarkable journeys in modern politics, and eventually
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he led his party into government , a deal which saw him share power with a former ira leader. >> it needed someone with the history and long-standing aspect that ian paisley had to point out to people that there was a better way ahead, and we had reached the circumstances with the ira where they were no longer going to be involved in using violence. >> ian richard kyle paisley was the son of a baptist minister, and his passion for preaching and politics was obvious from the start. attention from this platform, and we will organize demonstrations! >> it all made paisley a brand name. he built his own protestant church and his own political party.
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at the european parliament, he famously interrupted a papal visit. too many catholics, he was a bigot. with the extremes of loyal as in, including the shadowy group bolster resistance. was a frustrating father figure. >> he made our life very unpleasant for a while. but if you met him, he was perfectly charming. 71.12%. >> even when the public voted in favor of agreement, paisley continued to say no. , his dark credits unionist party entered government with sinn fein. perhaps even more shocking was his new friendship with deputy martin mcguinness. it was so good they became known as the chuckle brothers.
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>> we who were political opponents for decades, by allegiance to britain, by allegiance to ireland, we were able to have a proper working relationship, and indeed a friendship, which has existed to this very day. >> it was a relationship that damaged some of ian paisley's other friendships, including those in his party and his church, that it defined the legacy of a man who went from protester to peacemaker. friends, ande good i have reconciled a lot of my enemies. >> like many reporters covering , ithern ireland at the time would get bellowed out by ian paisley, and then he would offer to make you a cup of tea. the roosevelts are up there with the kennedys.
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with two presidents and one of the most influential first lady is, they left a mark. film maker ken burns is turning his focus on these three key figures. jane o'brien is soon speaking with him. >> as america burst into the 20th century, one family touched more lives than any other. the irrepressible theodore roosevelt was president. his distant cousin franklin could become president. niece eleanor was franklin's wife. they had power, but were scarred by grief and infidelity. for filmmaker ken burns, it is a family saga made for tv. >> we are interested in very essential questions. how do life experiences shape character? how does leadership create the kind of world the roosevelts ushered him? about the known
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roosevelts individually, but this is the first documentary to examine them together. >> what unites them is this willingness to take the physical limitations, the psychological limitations that they have acquired or were born with, and to overcome them, and to see that they can therefore help other people. >> eleanor and franklin, in many ways incompatible -- that men creating a working marriage. was strong where the other was weak. fdr was not as idealistic as eleanor roosevelt. eleanor roosevelt was not as good a politician as franklin roosevelt. they represented both the better angels of our nature and a sense of how to get it done. >> whatever their flaws, all three roosevelts shared an unshakable belief that government could be a force for good and benefit future generations.
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least theyope at would give us the benefit of the doubt. >> a century later, history has been kind to swashbuckling teddy, who did a lot to protect america's wildlife and wilderness. roosevelts are often admired and refiled in equal measure. but this document makes clear there intention. >> their legacy is concerned for the less fortunate. it says that these three people would have dedicated their entire professional lives to making the lives of people less fortunate than them better. their achievements are still debated, the roosevelts remained one of america's most fascinating and influential political families. jane o'brien, bbc news, washington. before we go, you may think the whole selfie crazes getting out of hand, though we have one even a cynic may
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appreciate. the rosetta spacecraft has sent a picture of itself act to earth. it shows one of its 40 meters solar wings glittering in sunlight against the blackness of space. why a selfie? you can see a comet at the top of the picture, about 57 kilometers away, which the u.s. space agency is hoping to land rosetta on in november. thank you for watching. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, kovler foundation, beijing tourism, union bank, and charles schwab. >> there is a saying around here. you stand behind what you say. around here, you don't make excuses. you make commitments.
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and when you cannot live up to them, you own up and make it right. the kind ofthink accountability that thrives on so many streets in this country has gone missing in the places where it is needed most, but i know you will still find it when you know where to look. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by macneil/lehrer productions >> woodruff: presidents obama and clinton mark the 20th anniversary of americorps. we sit down with former president bill clinton on the legacy of the corps. and how to take on islamic state militants. >> eventually destroyed if and only if the people they are abusing are willing to fight. good evening, i'm judy woodruff. also ahead, the growing safety concerns over exploding air bags that have caused manufacturers to recall more than fourteen million cars. then, investigatine

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